There are three types of headaches:
Tension– the normal everyday headache. These headaches can usually be relieved by non-prescription medication.
Cluster– They are indicated by sudden relentless forceful discomfort that develops near or in the back of the eye. They tend to disturb men more than women. These headaches are different from tension headaches because they only occur on one side of the head. They are aggressive and come on quickly. Non-prescription medication may be used to alleviate symptoms.
A migraine– These headaches occur more in women and they are a neurological sickness. These headaches can also be hereditary. Pain with these headaches can be harsh and intense. Symptoms can include vomiting, nausea, or light sensitivity in the midst of an attack. Treatments include eating right, cutting out caffeine, non-prescription and prescription medication.
People with tension headaches commonly report these symptoms:
Episodic Tension Headaches (occur less than 15 days per month)
- Mild to moderate, constant band-like pain or pressure
- Affects the front, top or sides of the head.
- Usually begins gradually, and often occurs in the middle of the day
- May last from 30 minutes to several days
Chronic Tension Headaches (occur more than 15 days per month)
- Pain may vary in intensity throughout the day, but the pain is almost always present
- Pain comes and goes over a prolonged period of time
Associated Symptoms of Tension Headaches include:
- A headache upon awakening
- Difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep
- Chronic fatigue
- Disturbed concentration
- Mild sensitivity to light or noise
- General muscle aching
The symptoms of migraine headaches can occur in various combinations and include:
- Moderate to severe pain (often described as pounding, throbbing pain) that can affect the whole head, or can shift from one side of the head to the other
- Sensitivity to light, noise or odors
- Blurred vision
- Nausea or vomiting, stomach upset, abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Sensations of being very warm or cold
- Fever (rare)
- Bright flashing dots or lights, blind spots, wavy or jagged lines (aura)
- Intense one-sided pain described as having a burning or piercing quality that is throbbing or constant
- Pain is located behind one eye or in the eye region, without changing sides.
- Pain lasts a short time, generally, 30 to 90 minutes (but can last for three hours); a headache will disappear, only to recur later that day (most sufferers get one to three headaches and some up to eight per day during a cluster period).
- Headaches occur very regularly, generally at the same time each day, and they often awaken the person at the same time during the night.
- Deep and constant pain in the cheekbones, forehead or bridge of the nose
- The pain usually intensifies with sudden head movement or straining and usually occurs with other sinus symptoms, such as nasal discharge, feeling of fullness in the ears, fever, and facial swelling.