Have you been having a headache that just hangs around and nothing you do seems to make it subside?

Chances are you may be suffering from a migraine. A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one half of the head, are pulsating in nature, and last from two to 72 hours. Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. Though migraine causes aren’t understood, genetics and environmental factors appear to play a role.

There are certain things that may trigger a migraine though, for example; hormonal changes in women, foods, food additives, drinks, stress, sensory stimuli, intense physical exertion, changes in sleep pattern, changes in weather, and certain medication as well. There are certain risk factors that make you more prone to migraines including; age (migraines tend to begin in adolescence), hormonal changes and having a family history of migraines. If you see your healthcare provider and you are diagnosed with migraines, there are a few drugs treatments that are commonly prescribed.

The main preventive drug treatments for a migraine are; Beta-blocker drugs, anti-seizure drugs, and tricyclic antidepressants. It is important that if you are having migraine type symptoms that you see your doctor so you can be accurately diagnosed and treated for your symptoms. Migraines are diagnosed based on the description of the attack. The location and character of the pain, as well as any associated symptoms such as nausea or light and sound sensitivity, are helpful clues to the diagnosis of a migraine. A migraine is considered a diagnosis of exclusion. That means in order to diagnose a migraine; other possible causes of the symptoms must be ruled out or excluded.

For many people, migraines eventually go into remission and sometimes disappear completely, particularly as they age. Estrogen decline after menopause may be responsible for remission in some older women.